Malta Posted on Valletta is the capital city of Malta and the southernmost capital of Europe. Its population in 2014 was 6,444, while the metropolitan area population is 393,938. The city’s fortifications along with the beauty of its Baroque palaces gave the city its nickname Superbissima. The predominant religion in Malta is Catholicism. There are more than 360 churches in Malta, Gozo and Comino, or one church for every 1,000 residents. The National Library of Malta was founded by Grand Master Emmanuel de Rohan-Polduc in 1776 out of the collections of the knight Louis Guérin de Tencin. You are not allowed to take photos inside. The Basilica of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is a Roman Catholic church in the capital Valletta on the island of Malta. It is one of the most famous churches and main tourist attractions. The 42 meter high oval dome dominates both the city skyline and Marsamxett Harbour. Maltese Baroque architecture is the form of Baroque architecture that developed in Malta during the 17th and 18th centuries, when the islands were under the rule of the Order of St. John The streets of Valetta are full of Silversmith and Goldsmith shops. The Valletta Sunday Market is a very popular open air market that is open every Sunday. This market attracts both locals as well as tourists from all over Malta who come to experience this buzzing market. The Great Siege of Malta took place in 1565 when the Ottoman Empire tried to invade the island of Malta. The Knights Hospitaller withstood the siege and repelled the invaders. The festas in Malta and Gozo are religious celebrations organized by the local parish and are an iconic part of summer with beautiful fireworks, bands, processions and happy celebrations.